Say Yes To Eco-Friendly Sanitation By Setting Up Bio-Toilets

Posted On: 7th June, 2018

Mahatma Gandhi emphasised the importance of toilets during the pre-Independent era and declared it to be more significant than accomplishing Independence. But, even after 71 years of attaining Independence, almost half of India’s total population have no toilet in their home. This is coupled with the low use of toilets existing in rural and urban areas.

As per the 2011 Census, 53.1% of households in India do not have toilets in their home. The percentage is as high as 69.3% in rural areas and 18.6% in the urban areas. It has been seen that orthodox culture and lack of education are the prime reasons for this unhygienic practice. Access to drainage facilities and water supply is another major problem. This situation is worse in areas which face a perennial shortage of water and are drought-prone.

With the Indian government’s vision of achieving an open defecation free country by 2019, several measures are being taken up by numerous agencies to tackle the sanitation challenge. For example, by the end of 2019, the Indian Railways aims to install 1,440,000 bio-toilets in its 55,000 coaches under the “Clean Rail-Clean India” program. It is said that setting up bio-toilets can be the ideal solution to get rid of the sanitation problem.

What Are Bio-Toilets?

This is a decomposition mechanised toilet system designed by leading bio toilet manufacturer in kolkata to convert human excretory wastes into manure and gases. In bio-toilets, the human waste is decomposed in the digester tank by using specific high graded bacteria which further converts into carbon dioxide gas, methane gas and water. It is an innovative technology for the disposal of solid human excreta in a completely hygienic and eco-friendly manner.

How Do These Eco-Friendly Toilets Work?

In comparison to the flush toilets, bio-toilets are completely different toilet system. Not only does this mode of sanitation help in keeping the environment clean, but it also saves a lot of water.

Bio-digester technology treats human excreta at the source. A collection of anaerobic bacteria which has been adapted to work at temperatures (as high as 50 degrees Celsius and as low as -5 degrees Celsius) act as inocula to the bio-digesters. The organic waste is then converted into water, carbon dioxide and methane gases.

The anaerobic bacteria process deactivates the pathogens liable for causing water-borne diseases and treats the waste without using an external energy source. The water tarp system of this toilet prevents air from getting into the tank and the waste is processed by anaerobic bacteria and the methane gas is allowed to escape into thin air.

Benefits Of Installing Bio-Toilets

Availing these eco-friendly toilets from an eminent bio toilet manufacturer can be highly beneficial. The bio loo treats human wastes at its source without causing any damage to the environment. The system even leaves the pathogen-free water as effluent which can be re-used. Some other benefits of bio-toilets are:-

  • No spreading dirt in the environment

  • Unlike traditional toilets, vacuum-based bio toilets save water

  • Provides respite to people responsible for cleaning shits on railway platforms manually

So what are you still thinking of? It’s time to take a little step towards a better and clean India!